For children, the mouth is a very sensitive area; they use it as to satisfy hunger and to explore new objects around them. Baby teeth are just as important as the permanent teeth of adults. The first baby teeth begin to appear around the age of 6 months and help children to chew and speak.
The first tooth to erupt in children is the primary lower central incisor. Baby teething begins when other changes in the immune system start to appear. The age of 6 months is when most children lose maternal antibodies and the child is predisposed to a variety of infections.
Maximum eruption is achieved due to many objects stuffed in the mouth and chewed. This phenomenon is a normal part of the child’s neurological development.
In order to ease the pain caused by teething, give the child two chilled, ointmented toys, which relieve pain and other medications recommended by the specialized doctor.
Oral hygiene techniques can be modified depending on the child’s age. For toddlers gums can be cleaned once or twice a day with a clean piece of gauze. This helps to create a healthy environment for teeth that erupt. Toothbrush should be introduced to babies around the age of one year.
After the age of 3, it is recommended to use a grain of toothpaste to clean teeth.
Young children usually lack patience and will to brush their teeth. So parents can practice different rewards for carry out this activity.
The initial brushing time should be of 5 seconds and then gradually increase. Using the rewards’ technique, parents can track the success of the first attempt to brush teeth.
Early caries is a common disease in 3 years old children worldwide. They initially affect the upper front teeth and eventually spread to primary molars.
A child’s mouth contains millions of bacteria including infectious streptococci. These bacteria are the initiators of the developing caries process. When a parent feeds his or her child with the same spoon he or she uses, then in the child’s mouth infections and other type of bacteria are transferred.
Factors influencing the appearance of carriers: diet and nutrition, oral hygiene, fluoridation, preventive dental measures, cariogenic microbes transmission from mother to child, salivary flow, mucosal immunity, lifestyle, medical history of previous tooth caries.
How can parents identify dental caries: the first sign is the location of lesions on the enamel’s surface. Parents should make constant checks as to identify golden brown cavities.
Talk to your dentist in order to determine the necessary steps to be followed to protect children’s teeth of cariers.